Calmidia, or Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted, bacterial infection. Untreated, this infection can cause problems for both men and women, though the problems for women can be more severe. This infection is very common and widespread.
What Are the Symptoms?
Both men and women can contract chlamydia, and both sexes experience similar symptoms. However, many people have the infection and show no symptoms. For this reason, it is important to get tested for STDs if you have unprotected sex.
Symptoms in Men – Men can experience painful urination, discharge from the rectum, pain in the rectum, burning and itching at the end of the penis, painful or swollen testicles, as well as clear or cloudy discharge.
Symptoms in Women – Women can have more symptoms than men, and they may also have vaginal discharge, rectal discharge, rectal pain, itching or burning around the vagina, and painful urination. In addition to this, they may also experience painful periods, bleeding unrelated to periods, pain during sex, and abdominal pain with a fever.
How Is It Treated?
The infection must be diagnosed before it can be treated. This is usually achieved through a swab to take a sample of the discharge or through a urine test, which looks for bacteria in the urine. Fortunately, treatment for this infection is easy and usually effective. Infected patients will often take a round of antibiotics. Get more information by visiting the website on candidose traitement.
After the antibiotics are completed, you will typically return to the doctor for follow up testing. Until the doctor has confirmed that your infection has been treated, you will want to avoid sexual intercourse of any kind. However, if you do have sex, the proper use of a condom can help cut down on your risk of transmission. Your sexual partners will need to be treated as well, otherwise, you risk re-infection.
What Are the Complications?
Left untreated, chlamydia can cause a myriad of problems. For men, this can mean an infection or inflammation of the urethra or infection of the epididymis, which carries sperm from the testes. It can also cause inflammation in the rectum, which is called proctitis.
In women, an untreated chlamydia infection can spread to the fallopian tubes or the uterus. This can cause PID or pelvic inflammatory disease. PID is painful, and it can lead to infertility and ectopic pregnancies. If a woman does get pregnant, she can transmit the disease to her child, which can lead to eye problems and pneumonia.
Can It Be Prevented?
Chlamydia is preventable. The best way to prevent chlamydia is to be abstinent. This means that you don’t have sex. Otherwise, the next best way to prevent chlamydia is through the proper use of latex condoms. When used correctly, condoms are very effective. Another good idea is to get tested for STDs and have your partner do the same.
If you think that you have chlamydia or any other sexually transmitted disease, you should make an appointment to see a doctor. Men and women can see general practitioners for this type of problem, and women can also voice their concerns to their gynaecologists.